Berdyansk Port

INTRODUCTION           Berdyansk, town in Zaporozhskaya Oblast of Ukraine, on the Sea of Azov. Its history dates back to early 19-th century when the settlement of Berdy (stands for rich in Turkic) was established together with a quay for commercial vessels founded in 1827. At present, Berdyansk is a local centre with well-developed machine building, metal working and textile and food manufacturing enterprises. Since late 19-th century, Berdyansk has also been renowned as a mud cure and climatic resort. The town has a population of 134 thousand. The commercial port of Berdyansk is the only sea junction of Zaporozhskaya Oblast. SPECIALIZATION           Today, the port of Berdyansk mainly serves exports. It is scrap metal and metal ware (sheet metal, billet, etc) that account for the major part of goods flow. The trans-shipment of clay for porcelain manufacturing as well as that of coal and cereals occupies a considerable share. NAVIGATION INFO           Navigation in the port continues all year round. Winds of north-eastern direction are prevalent. The share of days with the intensity of wind exceeding 15 m/sec is 24%. The average annual temperature is +10.7°C. On average, 30-35 days a year are foggy. The port is situated in the north-eastern part of the bay of Berdyansk and comprises the outward roadstead, the passage canal and Berdyansk harbour. Berdyansk harbour, where major wharfage (piers #1-6) is found, is protected by a breakwater, whereas piers #7-9 are not breakwater covered. The harbour consists of the Western basin and the Eastern basin. The latter is protected by a mole from the west and by the breakwater from the south-west. The following routes leads into the harbour:

- approach canal (length - 20km, width - 90m, depth - 8.55m, passing draft - 7.9m); - fairway #54. The entrance into the harbour is between the north-western end of the breakwater and shoals of less than 5m in depth. The 414,550sq.m. of the port's water area of is 8.4m deep. The port doesn't have any marine traffic controllers. ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE OF SHIPS           The master of a ship heading for the port must, immediately prior to passing Kerch Strait (for Azov-sea-borne vessels, not later than one hour after leaving the previous port) notify the dispatcher or the harbour master of the ETA at buoy#2 of the left side of the approach canal to the port. Motion in the access duct is one-way. Two-way traffic is permitted by the harbour master on certain occasions. Preference is given to ships moving out of the port. Overtaking ships in the duct is forbidden. Traffic along the canal will be forbidden with the speed of wind exceeding 15m/sec or with visibility below 5 cables. Masters will lodge their requests for all kinds of port services, except for requests for a pilot or tugs for mooring operations, with their agent or an agent working for the port. Requests for supplying a ship with fresh water will be accepted 4 hours before starting the procedure on weekdays and not later than midday of the preceding workday at weekends and on holidays. There is no signal post in the port. Arrival/departure clearance takes place on board the ship. NAVIGATION REGULATIONS           The port is accessible for vessels with a draft of up to 7.9m and a length of up to 205m. On particular occasions, the harbour master can permit mooring 220-metre-long ships at piers #7 and #8. Vessels of over 170m in length can only enter the port or remoor inside the port in daylight and with the speed of wind at or below 8m/sec. The feasibility of maneuvering in stronger wind will be determined by the pilot. The speed of moving along the approach canal between buoys #2 and #18 on the left of the canal will conditioned by the weather and, as usual, will not exceed 6 knots. Starting with buoy #18 of the left side and farther into Berdyansk harbour, the speed must be minimal and ensure for the ship to remain under control. Vessels with gross capacity up to 283 cubic metres (100 grt) are banned from passing within the canal. Such ships must cruise outside the canal borders. PILOTAGE           The pilotage of commercial ships is mandatory. Exempt from pilotage are only passenger ships with regular hauls into the port. The port's pilotage department works round the clock to ensure safe passage of ships along the approach canal, mooring, unmooring and relocating in the port. A request for pilotage will be handed in together with the approach information. During a ship's stay at the port, a request will be handed to the dispatcher on duty of the port at least 2 hours before the beginning of the procedure. Pilots will be taken on and off board in the following places: -for ships with a draft of 6m and over, at the beginning of the approach canal at light buoy #2; -for ships with a draft of less than 6m, at the spar buoy #16 (46° 40' N, 36° 39' Е). Pilots are disembarked on the outward roadstead with wind of no stronger than 15m/sec and sea roughness of 4 points at most. Pilotage service will be reached on channel 16 VHF, and its boat's name is "Chubar". On the ship's arrival at the outward roadstead, the master must follow instructions of the pilotage service. TUGGING FACILITIES           Tugging of a self-propelled vessel is controlled by its master regardless of whether the ship is using its engine or not. According to the existing regulations, at least two tugs must be used when mooring a ship of 4245-cubic-metre or greater gross tonnage, and at least one tug - for ships of smaller gross tonnage. At tugging, it is customary to use the ship's own lines. Using a tug's towing lines is not charged for, though. The number of tugs engaged can only be altered with permission of the harbour master. A request for tugging must be lodged together with information of the ship's approaching. During the ship's stay in the port, a request will be submitted to the port's dispatcher on duty at least 2 hours before tugging begins. With the start of winter-time navigation, vessels heading for the port from the Black Sea or those departing from the port must be supplied with fuel, water and provisions to last no shorter than 10 days . ANCHORAGE           The outward roadstead is well protected from northerly wind. More severe south-westerly wind causes vessels to roll. The sea bottom is made of shell rock and silt. The following are the anchorage sites: - for ships with a draft of 6m and over, the outward roadstead both ways of the approach canal at buoy #2 (46°36'73"N, 36°36'04"Е); - for ships with a draft of less than 6m, the outward roadstead both ways of the approach canal at buoy #10 (46°40'0"N, 36°40'11"E). Anchoring in the Eastern or Western basins is prohibited. The master of the ship waiting on the outward roadstead to be serviced can file a request for mooring to an unoccupied berth or in a hull-to-hull manner to a ship already moored at a pier. In the latter event, all expenses related to further relocating the ship until servicing begins will be born by the ship. POLICY ON STAYING IN PORT           Pilotage is obligatory when relocating vessels in the port. In south-westerly winds of over 15 m/sec, roughness of the sea in the Western basin complicates anchorage at piers #7,8 and 9. Whenever a gale warning is received about wind of the south-western quarter intensifying, ro-ro ships under loading/unloading at pier #6 must stop the loading/unloading procedures, remove the ramp and remoor with their log facing the pier making sure that additional lines are fastened. Mooring to a ship undergoing fumigation and showing corresponding signs or anchoring other vessels closer than 50 metres to it is prohibited.